Saturday, April 12, 2014

What Is Anaphylaxis and Why Is Anaphylaxis Training So Important?

Anaphylaxis is a very serious allergic reaction which builds up rapidly and could cause death. There are a number of symptoms associated with this condition which includes swelling of the throat, itchy rash, redness, hives, low blood pressure, dizziness, weakness, dry mouth and trouble breathing. Some common causes of this allergic reaction include medication, stings, bites, and foods.
Anaphylaxis is caused because the body releases mediators from a few of its white blood cells that were triggered by either a non-immunological or immunologicor mechanism. That said the condition is diagnosed primarily based on the signs and symptoms exhibited on the victim's body. While the primary treatment is an epinephrine injection there are measures that can be taken in order to stabilize a victim until medical help arrives. Anaphylaxis training helps people identify the symptoms so that the situation can be remedied appropriately.

Removal of the allergen
One of the first things that anaphylaxis training teach
es is removal of the allergen. As long as the allergen is directly in contact with the body it will continue to make matters worse. Here are some of the most common ways to remove the allergens
  • Removing bee stingers: These should be removed ASAP. In order to remove it you'll need to use a pair of tweezers to slowly pull it out. At times a small incision may need to be made in order to reach the singer.

  • Food or drug: In order to remove the allergens which was digested or injected into the body, the best way would be to conduct a flushing of the digestive system. However, that may require medical experience.

  • Topical allergens i.e. poison oak: The toxin in this case can be washed away using soap and water.
Administering Epinephrine
Epinephrine is a drug which can stop anaphylaxis immediately and cease further reactions. Epinephrine needs to be administered using an automatic syringe which injects the drug directly by pushing the syringe into the body. That said Epinephrine auto injectors are only available via a physician's prescription. It is important that you have a prescription for the drug if you have a chronic allergic reaction. Without quickly administering epinephrine anaphylaxis can become fatal.
In order to administer epinephrine you need to follow these steps:
1. Pull the cap off the device
2. Push the black end directly into the thigh of the victim and hold it there for 10 seconds. It is recommended that you use the injector directly on the skin but it can also go directly through the clothing too.
3. Once the device has been used, you will see an exposed needle which is coming out of the back end. You will need to be careful to dispose of the needle properly.
If you or someone in your family suffers from anaphylaxis allergy every now and then it is best to undergo some anaphylaxis training. That said people who work with kids should also undergo some anaphylaxis training.

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